To describe textures by touch and appearance
Gather at least 5 different materials/objects with different kinds of texture. Introduce words that describe how objects feel when you touch them such as: smooth, wet, rough, coarse, fine, soft, hard, scaly, feathery, hairy, furry, grainy, jagged, sharp, pointy, sticky, silky, etc. Some examples of materials with different kinds of texture are: sandpaper, silk scarf, wool sweater, sponge, carpet, gravel, cotton ball, bird feather, honey, thumb tack, etc. Invite the child to touch each of the materials and use the words to describe how it feels.
Invite child to crumple it up the foil into a ball then unfold the ball so that the foil lies flat again. Ask the children to touch and describe the texture of the foil. Then, place one of the four smaller pieces on top of the crumpled paper and rub the crayon so that the texture appears. Ask the student to describe the texture that the crayon imaged onto their paper. Reinforce the vocabulary introduced in the first part of this activity. Continue the exercise with the crackers. Invite the child to feel and describe the texture then make another crayon rubbing with cracker crumbs. Ask the student to describe the texture that the crayon imaged onto their paper and reinforce the vocabulary again.
Invite the child to make crayon rubbings of other materials/object in the room. With each crayon rubbing, ask children to describe the texture before making the rubbings and then describe the texture of the crayon rubbings. After 5-8 rubbings, invite the child to sort the rubbings into similar groupings.
Ask the child to label describe the different groups of crayon rubbings. Show the child one of the satellite images in The Adventure of Echo the Bat book. Ask the child to point to some part of the image that would be in one of their groupings of crayon rubbings. Do they know what that might be an image of? A mountain, a desert, a forest or other. Choose a lift-the-flap section of the image and ask the child to describe the texture. (What would it feel like if you could touch what is in the image?) Then ask the child what they would see when they lift the flap. (Were you right?) What kinds of textures do mountains, rivers, fields, cities, canyons have? Can the texture in a satellite picture help you identify a feature on the ground?
Hand out the "Bumpy, Wrinkled, Smooth" worksheet. Explain that these images are from a satellite in orbit around the earth. With the worksheet of satellite images, ask the child to cut out the satellite images and match them to the pictures that have the same texture. They can make there own lift-the-flaps by gluing the top each of the cut-outs to the top of the photos.
Next: Lesson 4: Locating Echo
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NASA Official: Ruth Netting
Last Updated: March 27, 2007